The youngest West Bohemian spa town of Mariánské Lázně was founded in the early XIX century in the valley with a plenty of healing springs on the surface. They lie on the south-western slope of the Slavkov Forest at an altitude of 567-626 meters above the sea level.
In the vicinity of Mariánské Lázně more than one hundred mineral springs are breaking out the ground. There are about forty springs in the city. The close proximity of very different sources is a balneological rarity. The temperature of all sources ranges from 7°C to 10°C, accordingly the type of local springs id cold acidic (called Kyselka). Local residents have known these sources since the XIII century, but systematic study of their therapeutic effect began only in the late XVIII century by the doctor of Teplá Monastery Johann Josef Ner. Mineral springs are used for drinking, inhalations and mineral baths. Being assigning different drinking water treatments, resort visitors tend to drink about three-quarters of a liter of water a day. Baths reduce blood pressure, improve heart and kidney functioning, blood flow to the brain and lower limbs.
The historic city center is situated around an openwork iron colonnade and the famous Cross Spring with rotunda. Near is the “Singing Fountain” with hundreds of nozzles. Game of water accompanied by music and also an impressive illumination in the evenings. Beautiful parks, magnificent architecture, rich cultural and sports life – all this is the hallmark of this wonderful summer resort.